This content is not published

3D Printing of Living Tissues for Space Exploration

Wed, 07/03/2019 - 16:59
Contract Nr.: 
4000123640
GSP Ident.: 
15/069
Keywords: 
Astronaut
Exploration
Mars
Biology
3d printing
Contractor: 
OHB System AG
Subcontractor: 
Technical University Dresden
Blue Horizon
Country: 
Germany
Start Date: 
Friday, March 23, 2018
End Date: 
Monday, July 1, 2019
Description: 

Human exploratory missions to the Moon or Mars, are widely considered as the next logical steps in human space exploration and, lately, settlements. Such space exploration or settlement activities are involved with long exposure of humans in space and, in case of increasing distances to Earth, no abort possibilities. Crews on such missions have to be self- sustaining, not only concerning food and drink, wastes, but also with respect to medical treatment. Health issues are raised by the environmental conditions in space, such as the influence of altered gravity, radiation, isolation. In addition the health risks of illness or injury human beings are faced on Earth, are also present in space.

However, in case of long distance travels the medical infrastructure on Earth is not in reach. In order to protect human lives and health, such space exploration missions have to consider a medical infrastructure onboard, so that medical treatment of a wide range of health issues can be provided. A promising technology which can provide support in medical treatment and improves the autonomous functionality of the medical structure is 3D – Bioprinting. By printing skin, bones, organs or cartilage parts the medical treatment can be supported offering an important contribution to a medical infrastructure in space.

Executive summary: