Discovery & P‌reparation

The studies library NEBULA provides access to all publicly available final deliverables of past activities run by ESA's Discovery and Preparation elements of the Basics Activities. (former General Studies Programme - GSP)

Studies library

Format: 2019
Format: 2019
Format: 2019
Scientific concept study for wide-swath high-resolution cloud profiling

This study focuses on the synergistic retrieval of cloud information from active and passive observations. While this synergistic approach is well established for precipitation, it is used less so for clouds.

Germany
University of Hamburg
3D Printing of Living Tissues for Space Exploration

Human exploratory missions to the Moon or Mars, are widely considered as the next logical steps in human space exploration and, lately, settlements.

Germany
OHB System AG
Innovative security concepts, mechanisms and architectures for future space missions

Present ESA R&T study aimed to achieve following objectives:

France
Thales Alenia Space
Prototype Retrieval Algorithms Based on Synergistic Use of Microwave and Optical Imagers for land application

With the launch of the first Sentinel satellites, a new era in Earth Observation has started that allows for the development of new approaches that use these novel observations at high temporal frequencies and fine spatial resolution with compleme

Germany
LMU
Using GNSS and Big Data Techniques to improve safety in critical maritime operations

This project was intended to contribute to the implementation of the e-navigation concept (as defined by IMO, Ref.

Italy
SATE
Numerical Simulations for Spacecraft Catastrophic Disruption Analysis

At present, the largest part of the catalogued space debris population consists of fragments originated by accidental explosions of spacecraft and upper stages, but it is expected that hypervelocity collisions engaging large objects could become t

Italy
CISAS
REACH into LCA – Integration of REACH and CRMs into the Life Cycle Assessment framework

For the REACH assessment, the proposed method relies on both ESA’s existing Life Cycle Assessment(LCA) framework and the Materials & Processes Technology Board (MPTB) Database. Then, the method was structured in three steps:

France
Deloitte Sustainability
Assimilation of lidar observations of aerosols for climate modelling and NWP

The objective of the Aeolus/EarthCARE Aerosol Assimilation Studies (A3S) project was to allow assimilation of the Aeolus L2A lidar backscatter data also paving the way for the assimilation of EarthCARE products.

UK
European centre for medium range weather forecasts
Magnetic Field Perturbations by Thermo-Electric Effects

The technical activities covered during the project allowed the creation of several numerical tools that can predict the thermoelectric/thermomagnetic response to different thermal loading conditions, material properties (thermal and electrical) a

Portugal
CRITICAL MATERIALS S.A.
Augmented and Virtual Reality Techniques To Enhance the Execution of Operational Procedures by Astronauts and Spacecraft Operators

Augmented reality displays are image-forming systems that use a set of optical, electronic, and mechanical components to generate images somewhere on the optical path in betweenthe observer’s eyes and the physical object to be augmented.

Germany
TERMA A/S

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